It is the first and most important among italian academies and one of the most famous in Europe.
It was founded in 1753 by Ubaldo Montelatici to improve cultivation in Tuscany. Then Geogofili with Pietro Leopoldo became an important scientific, technical and economical academy.
They abolished internal tolls and supported free cultivation. They studied new plant and experimented new machine. Georgofili Academy is the best center of agrarian studies in Italy.